Types & Stages | Phoenix CyberKnife Radiation & Oncology Center

Acoustic Neuroma – Types & Stages

Acoustic Neuroma Types & Stages

An acoustic neuroma is a type of non-cancerous tumor that can develop on the nerve between the inner ear and brain. Although this sounds like it would be a big problem, many individuals who have the condition might not even present symptoms until they are in their 30s or older. A unilateral acoustic neuroma occurs in only one ear. Bilateral acoustic neuromas occur in both ears, and this condition is usually hereditary and present from birth. The treatment process for both types of neuromas at a Phoenix cancer center like Phoenix CyberKnife and Radiation Oncology Center typically occurs in three stages

Stage 1: Development

The development of the acoustic neuroma, sometimes referred to as a vestibular schwannoma, depends on the type of schwannoma in question. It usually takes decades for the tumor to grow large enough to present noticeable symptoms that motivate the individual to seek medical attention. Bilateral acoustic neuromas may present symptoms in the teen years.

Stage 2: Diagnosis

Symptoms of acoustic neuroma tend to include the following:

  • Loss of hearing
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Vertigo or loss of balance

Doctors may have the patient undergo a series of tests to determine the cause of the symptoms. Once acoustic neuroma is confirmed, the patient can then move on to planning either treatment or management of symptoms.

Stage 3: Treatment

There are usually three different types of treatment options: surgery, radiation, or monitoring. Because surgery can sometimes worsen the condition and permanently affect the nerves involved, it may be used as a last resort. It might be possible to reduce the size of the neuroma through radiation. If there are no symptoms or problems stemming from the existence of the neuroma, doctors may opt to simply monitor its progress.

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For more detailed information regarding Phoenix acoustic neuroma treatment options, contact our team by calling 602-441-3845.